Monique Andrée Serf (June 9, 1930 – November 24, 1997), known as Barbara (Barbara Brodi in her debut), was a popular French female singer. She took her stage name from her Russian grandmother, Varvara Brodsky. She called herself 'the black eagle'-her song L'Aigle noir sold a million copies in twelve hours- and she always wore black.
Norman Lebrecht: "Barbara is all about the unsaid; she's a Freudian enigma at the heart of France."
Monique Serf, born in Paris, France, into a Jewish family, was ten years old when she had to go into hiding during the German occupation of France in World War II. After the war ended, a neighborhood professor of music heard Monique sing and took an interest in helping her develop her talents. She was given vocal lessons and taught to play the piano and eventually she enrolled at the Ecole Supérieure de Musique. However, money was a problem and she gave up her musical studies to sing at "La Fontaine des Quatre Saisons," a then popular cabaret in Paris.